Hiperparatiroidismo primario

  • Carlos E. Builes-Montaño Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: hiperparatiroidismo primario, hormona paratiroidea, hipercalcemia.

Resumen

El hiperparatiroidismo primario es uno de los trastornos endocrinos más frecuentes, caracterizado por la producción no controlada de la paratohormona. Esta condición clínica puede ser completamente asintomática o mostrarse con manifestaciones que ponen en peligro la vida de quien la padece. La gran variedad en las formas de presentación y algunos errores frecuentes en la interpretación de los resultados de las pruebas disponibles para su diagnóstico hacen de esta alteración un reto para el médico. Un hiperparatiroidismo no diagnosticado, y en consecuencia no tratado, puede tener consecuencias nefastas para los pacientes como deterioro en la función renal, que puede llevar a requerir una terapia de reemplazo renal, osteoporosis, que se puede acompañar de fracturas por fragilidad y cambios neurocognitivos que pueden socavar la calidad de vida de las personas. Por lo anterior, es fundamental conocer y comprender este trastorno, así como reconocer e interpretar adecuadamente las ayudas diagnósticas para poder proponer un plan de tratamiento adecuado que, afortunadamente en la mayoría de los casos, lleva a la curación del trastorno.

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Biografía del autor/a

Carlos E. Builes-Montaño, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico, especialista en Medicina Interna y Endocrinología Clínica y Metabolismo. Endocrinólogo, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Profesor auxiliar, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Builes-Montaño CE. Hiperparatiroidismo primario. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de enero de 2017 [citado 30 de octubre de 2020];23(1-2):45-4. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/59
Publicado
2017-01-01
Sección
Endocrinología