La trazabilidad en las mediciones del laboratorio clínico: impacto en la calidad y seguridad del paciente

Palabras clave: exactitud de los datos, calibración, juego de reactivos para diagnóstico, Sistema Internacional de Unidades, estándares de referencia, trazabilidad metrológica, conmutabilidad, dispositivo médico.

Resumen

Las mediciones confiables, trazables metrológicamente y comparables proporcionan la base racional para la evaluación de la calidad de un resultado y el fortalecimiento de las redes de laboratorios clínicos, lo cual permite mejorar la calidad de atención y la seguridad del paciente. En este documento se revisan los principios básicos que deben seguirse para garantizar la trazabilidad de las mediciones del laboratorio clínico, las ventajas de utilizar métodos trazables, el impacto de no hacerlo, y se discuten las principales limitaciones para relacionar las mediciones con los estándares de medición de referencia apropiados.

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Biografía del autor/a

Natalia María Guevara-Arismendy, Grupo Célula

Microbióloga y Bioanalista, MSc en Microbiología y Bioanálisis. Investigadora, Grupo Célula. Medellín, Colombia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1266-1776

Lina Mayerly Cruz-Parra, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano

Ingeniera Electrónica, Especialista en Ingeniería Biomédica, MSc en Ingeniería. Docente e Investigadora, Instituto Tecnológico Metropolitano. Medellín, Colombia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5348-9792

Angie Alejandra Valencia-Villegas, Universidad del Valle

Estudiante del Programa de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico, Semilleros de Investigación, Grupo de Investigación CALIMET, Facultad de Salud, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia.

Eduardo Romero-Herrera, Universidad del Valle

Estudiante del Programa de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico, Semilleros de Investigación, Grupo de Investigación CALIMET, Facultad de Salud, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia.

Carolina Quiroz-Arias, Universidad del Valle

Bacterióloga y Laboratorista Clínica, MSc en Administración de Salud. Docente y Directora, Escuela de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico. Directora, Grupo de Investigación CALIMET, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2148-7383

María Esperanza Arenas-Hernández, Universidad del Valle

Bacterióloga y Laboratorista Clínica, Especialista en Alta Gerencia con Énfasis en Calidad. Docente Universitaria, Experta Evaluadora Organismo Nacional de Acreditación de Colombia ONAC, Presidenta del Comité de Normalización de Laboratorios Clínicos del ICONTEC. Investigadora, Grupo CALIMET, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia. https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6413-1278

Mercedes Salcedo-Cifuentes, Universidad del Valle

Bacterióloga y Laboratorista Clínica, Especialista en Administración Total de la Calidad y Productividad, MSc en Epidemiología, PhD en Ciencias Biomédicas. Directora, Centro de Investigación CEDETES, Facultad de Salud, Universidad del Valle. Profesora, Escuela de Bacteriología y Laboratorio Clínico. Investigadora, Grupo de Investigación CALIMET, Universidad del Valle. Cali, Colombia. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9681-6893

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Cómo citar
1.
Guevara-Arismendy NM, Cruz-Parra LM, Valencia-Villegas AA, Romero-Herrera E, Quiroz-Arias C, Arenas-Hernández ME, Salcedo-Cifuentes M. La trazabilidad en las mediciones del laboratorio clínico: impacto en la calidad y seguridad del paciente. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 4 de abril de 2022 [citado 23 de mayo de 2022];26(2):159-75. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/574
Publicado
2022-04-04
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