Del hemograma manual al hemograma de cuarta generación

  • Germán Campuzano Maya Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: hemograma, cuadro hemático, recuento de células, laboratorio, utilidad clínica, valores de referencia.


El hemograma o cuadro hemático es una de las pruebas que más se solicita al laboratorio clínico, y sin duda alguna, la prueba de laboratorio que más aporta al clínico en la evaluación de un paciente. Desde el punto de vista técnico se reconocen seis tipos de hemograma, que van desde los tradicionales que se hacen con métodos manuales hasta los más sofisticados que se hacen con métodos electrónicos que utilizan una combinación de tecnologías. Se establecen los criterios que definen los tipos de hemograma y se analizan los parámetros desde el punto de vista metodológico, los valores de referencia, las indicaciones clínicas y los aspectos críticos de cada parámetro de acuerdo con la metodología utilizada. El médico debe solicitar el hemograma que le permita tener mayor certeza analítica posible en los parámetros reportados y el laboratorio clínico debe hacer la inversión tecnológica que le permita ofrecer resultados lo más precisos y exactos posible.


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Biografía del autor/a

Germán Campuzano Maya, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico especialista en Hematología y Patología Clínica. Profesor, Ad Honorem, Universidad de Antioquia. Director, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico S.A. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
Campuzano Maya G. Del hemograma manual al hemograma de cuarta generación. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de noviembre de 2007 [citado 16 de agosto de 2022];13(11-12):511-50. Disponible en:
La Clínica y el Laboratorio

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