Diagnóstico no-invasivo de Helicobacter pylori: ¿serología, prueba de aliento con 13C-urea o antígenos de Helicobacter pylori en materia fecal?

  • Germán Campuzano Maya Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: Helicobacter pylori, diagnóstico, serología, prueba de aliento con 13C urea, detección de antígenos en materia fecal.

Resumen

La infección por Helicobacter pylori se constituye como la infección crónica más frecuente en la especie humana. Esta infección se asocia con la patogénesis de enfermedades del estómago como la gastritis, la úlcera péptica duodenal, la úlcera péptica gástrica, el cáncer gástrico y los linfomas tipo MALT del estómago, y una gran variedad de enfermedades extradigestivas incluyendo enfermedades he matológicas, dermatológicas, cardiovasculares y autoinmunes. El diagnóstico de la infección por Helicobacter pylori se puede establecer por métodos invasivos, dependientes de la endoscopia digestiva alta, y por métodos no-invasivos, que no requieren endoscopia, como son la serología, la prueba de aliento con urea marcada con 13C y la detección de antígenos de Helicobacter pylori en materia fecal. En este módulo se analizará la utilización de las pruebas no-invasivas en el diagnóstico y manejo de la infección por Helicobacter pylori, de tal manera que el médico esté en condiciones de solicitar e interpretar adecuadamente las pruebas disponibles en el medio.

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Biografía del autor/a

Germán Campuzano Maya, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico especialista en Hematología y Patología Clínica. Profesor, Ad Honorem, Universidad de Antioquia. Director, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico S.A. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Campuzano Maya G. Diagnóstico no-invasivo de Helicobacter pylori: ¿serología, prueba de aliento con 13C-urea o antígenos de Helicobacter pylori en materia fecal?. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de mayo de 2007 [citado 22 de enero de 2022];13(5-6):211-3. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/501
Publicado
2007-05-01
Sección
La Clínica y el Laboratorio

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