Trombocitopenia: más importante que encontrarla es saber porqué se presenta

  • Germán Campuzano Maya Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: clínica, trombocitopenia, plaquetas, etiología, coagulación.

Resumen

La trombocitopenia, que representa el hallazgo más frecuente de las enfermedades hemorrágicas adquiridas, similar a la anemia y a la hipertensión, no es una enfermedad sino un signo que se expresa tanto en la clínica como en el laboratorio. El médico debe definir la enfermedad que expresa el signo y a través de estudios complementarios de acuerdo con la clínica, ofrecer un tratamiento adecuado y oportuno. Se definen cuatro grupos de trombocitopenia a saber: 1) por reducción en la producción de plaquetas, 2) por acortamiento de la vida media de las plaquetas, 3) por secuestración de las plaquetas, y 4) por hemodilución. Se hace un análisis de la clínica de las principales enfermedades con trombocitopenia.

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Biografía del autor/a

Germán Campuzano Maya, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico especialista en Hematología y Patología Clínica. Profesor, Ad Honorem, Universidad de Antioquia. Director, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico S.A. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Campuzano Maya G. Trombocitopenia: más importante que encontrarla es saber porqué se presenta. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de marzo de 2007 [citado 5 de octubre de 2022];13(3-4):111-52. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/498
Publicado
2007-03-01
Sección
La Clínica y el Laboratorio