Alopecia areata y Helicobacter pylori: una nueva asociación

  • Germán Campuzano-Maya Universidad de Antioquia

Resumen

La alopecia areata es una enfermedad de los folículos pilosos con una fuerte evidencia que apoya su origen autoinmune [1,2], aunque la patogénesis exacta no está aún lo suficientemente clara. La alopecia areata tiene una frecuencia que oscila entre el 0,7% y el 3,8% de los pacientes que acuden al dermatólogo, y del 2% en la población general; afecta a ambos sexos [3] y a menudo se informa una mayor concurrencia familiar [4,5]. El patrón de pérdida del cabello puede variar y afectar cualquier parte del cuerpo.

En marzo de 2011 se presentó a la comunidad médica mundial el informe de un paciente con alopecia areata en quién las manifestaciones clínicas, en cuero cabelludo y barba, desaparecieron tras la erradicación exitosa de una infección por Helicobacter pylori, bajo el título “Cure of alopecia areata after eradication of Helicobacter pylori: A new association?” [6], en donde se comunicó una posible nueva asociación de esta enfermedad con Helicobacter pylori, hasta ese momento no descrita en la comunidad científica.

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Biografía del autor/a

Germán Campuzano-Maya, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico, especialista en Hematología y Patología Clínica. Docente Ad Honorem, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia. Coordinador Grupo de Investigación en Patología Clínica. Médico Director, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Campuzano-Maya G. Alopecia areata y Helicobacter pylori: una nueva asociación. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de marzo de 2017 [citado 22 de abril de 2021];23(3-4):149-58. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/49
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2017-03-01
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