Estudio del paciente con talla baja

  • María Victoria Lopera Cañaveral Universidad de Antioquia
  • Germán Campuzano Maya Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia
  • Vital Balthazar González Universidad de Antioquia
  • Juan Manuel Alfaro Velásquez Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: talla baja, variantes normales, evaluación clínica, diagnóstico, pruebas dinámicas.

Resumen

La talla baja se define como la condición en la cual la altura de un niño o niña es más de dos desviaciones estándar por debajo del promedio poblacional esperado para su edad y sexo, o por debajo del percentil 3. La talla baja es una de las principales causas por las cuales se consulta al pediatra endocrinólogo; sin embargo, hay que tener presente que existen variaciones normales en el crecimiento que deben ser diferenciadas de las patológicas. Es necesario que la evaluación del paciente con talla baja incluya una historia clínica completa y detallada, un cuidadoso examen clínico, auxología y pruebas diagnósticas, incluyendo evaluaciones radiológicas, con el fin de diferenciar aquellos pacientes con crecimiento patológico de aquellos pacientes normales con talla baja. Esta revisión analiza los factores que influyen en el crecimiento, las bases de una evaluación apropiada del crecimiento y las pruebas diagnósticas para el estudio del paciente con la talla baja.

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Biografía del autor/a

María Victoria Lopera Cañaveral, Universidad de Antioquia

Residente II año de Endocrinología Pediátrica, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellin,Colombia.

Germán Campuzano Maya, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico especialista en Hematología y Patología Clínica. Docente, Ad Honorem, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia. Médico Director, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico. Medellín, Colombia.

Vital Balthazar González, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico especialista en Pediatría y Endocrinología. Docente Pediatría, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín, Colombia.

Juan Manuel Alfaro Velásquez, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico especialista en Pediatría y Endocrinología. Docente Endocrinología Pediátrica, Coordinador de la subespecialidad en Endocrinología Pediátrica. Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Lopera Cañaveral MV, Campuzano Maya G, Balthazar González V, Alfaro Velásquez JM. Estudio del paciente con talla baja. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de noviembre de 2009 [citado 22 de enero de 2022];15(11-12):511-3. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/463
Publicado
2009-11-01
Sección
La Clínica y el Laboratorio

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