Malaria: consideraciones sobre su diagnóstico

  • Germán Campuzano Maya Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia
  • Silvia Blair Trujillo Universidad de Antioquia
Palabras clave: malaria, Plasmodium, epidemiología, clínica, diagnóstico.

Resumen

La malaria ha afectado la especie humana y por varios milenios y aún continúa siendo una de las enfermedades que más morbilidad y mortalidad causan, particularmente en las regiones tropicales de países en desarrollo. Es la infección parasitaria más importante, causando más de un millón de muertes al año en el mundo. La malaria es producida por cinco especies de Plasmodium que infectan al hombre: P. vivax, P. ovale, P. malarie, P. knowlesi y P. falciparum; esta última es la que mayor riesgo tiene para los pacientes por su capacidad de infectar eritrocitos de todas las edades, quedar atrapado en la microcirculación y por su resistencia a los antimaláricos. Debido al aumento de la resistencia de los parásitos a los agentes antimaláricos y al incremento de los viajes internacionales, entre otros factores, la malaria continúa siendo un importante problema de salud pública. En este módulo se describen los aspectos más importantes del parásito y de la enfermedad, incluyendo el ciclo de vida, la epidemiología y las manifestaciones clínicas asociadas. Por último, se hace especial énfasis en las diferentes pruebas diagnósticas, sus indicaciones y su disponibilidad.

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Biografía del autor/a

Germán Campuzano Maya, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico, Universidad de Antioquia

Médico General. Grupo Malaria, Universidad de Antioquia, Sede de Investigación Universitaria SIU. Calle 62 No 52- 59, Laboratorio 610. Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico

Silvia Blair Trujillo, Universidad de Antioquia

Médica General, MSc. Profesora, Facultad de Medicina, Universidad de Antioquia. Directora Grupo Malaria, Universidad de Antioquia. Sede de Investigación Universitaria SIU, Calle 62 No 52-59, Laboratorio 610. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Campuzano Maya G, Blair Trujillo S. Malaria: consideraciones sobre su diagnóstico. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de julio de 2010 [citado 26 de septiembre de 2021];16(7-8):311-54. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/392
Publicado
2010-07-01
Sección
La Clínica y el Laboratorio

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