Cardiopatías de origen endocrino: una etiología frecuentemente olvidada

  • Laura Duque-González Universidad CES
  • Luis Miguel Ruiz-Velásquez Universidad CES
  • José Luis Torres-Grajales Clínica Las Américas
  • Mauricio Duque-Ramírez Universidad CES
Palabras clave: cardiopatía, insuficiencia cardíaca, acromegalia, enfermedad de Cushing, hipotiroidismo, hiperparatiroidismo.

Resumen

Las enfermedades endocrinas comprenden un amplio espectro de trastornos hormonales de alta prevalencia, que reportan importantes tasas de morbimortalidad. Su asociación con desenlaces fuertes cardiovasculares, tales como infarto agudo de miocardio, enfermedad cerebrovascular e insuficiencia renal terminal, está claramente establecida; sin embargo, su relación con las cardiopatías es frecuentemente desestimada por el personal médico. Las alteraciones hipofisarias, en particular la acromegalia, el hipertiroidismo, el hipotiroidismo y las alteraciones
suprarrenales, como son la enfermedad de Cushing, el hiperaldosteronismo y el feocromocitoma, están asociadas con la aparición de insuficiencia cardíaca, cardiopatía dilatada, arritmiascardíacas, e incluso, muerte súbita. La siguiente revisión pretende explicar de forma clara y precisa las principales cardiopatías de origen endocrinológico.

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Biografía del autor/a

Laura Duque-González, Universidad CES

Médica, Especialista en Medicina Interna, Residente de Cardiología. Universidad CES. Medellín, Colombia.

Luis Miguel Ruiz-Velásquez, Universidad CES

Médico, Especialista en Medicina Interna y Epidemiología. Residente de Cardiología, Universidad CES. Medellín, Colombia.

José Luis Torres-Grajales, Clínica Las Américas

Médico, Especialista en Medicina Interna y Endocrinología. Clínica Las Américas. Medellín, Colombia.

Mauricio Duque-Ramírez, Universidad CES

Médico, Especialista en Medicina Interna, Cardiología y Electrofisiología. CES Cardiología, Universidad CES. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Duque-González L, Ruiz-Velásquez LM, Torres-Grajales JL, Duque-Ramírez M. Cardiopatías de origen endocrino: una etiología frecuentemente olvidada. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 30 de junio de 2020 [citado 22 de septiembre de 2020];24(3):207-20. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/298
Publicado
2020-06-30
Sección
Artículos de revisión