Deficiencia de hormona del crecimiento en el adulto

  • Carlos Esteban Builes Montaño Universidad de Antioquia
  • Germán Campuzano Maya Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico
Palabras clave: hormona del crecimiento, adenohipófisis, factor I del crecimiento similar a la insulina, metabolismo.

Resumen

La hormona del crecimiento tiene funciones más allá de la que su nombre implica. En el adulto es una hormona importante en el metabolismo de lípidos y carbohidratos, cumple funciones vitales en estados de ayuno y juega un papel preponderante en el equilibrio energético del organismo. La deficiencia de hormona del crecimiento es una entidad bien reconocida en la edad pediátrica, con consecuencias bien establecidas y fácilmente identificables; en contraste, su deficiencia en la edad adulta es más difícil de establecer y puede obedecer a causas congénitas o adquiridas durante la infancia o a causas adquiridas en la edad adulta. En años recientes, se aisló y sintetizó una forma recombinante de la hormona del crecimiento humana, lo cual abrió la posibilidad de tratamiento para aquellas personas con deficiencia de dicha hormona. Sin embargo, hay muchos interrogantes con respecto a la deficiencia de hormona del crecimiento en el adulto, entre ellos, el diagnóstico adecuado y los verdaderos beneficios y la seguridad del tratamiento con hormona del crecimiento humana recombinante. En este módulo se realiza un estado del arte acerca de la deficiencia de hormona del crecimiento en los adultos.

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Biografía del autor/a

Carlos Esteban Builes Montaño , Universidad de Antioquia

Médico Internista, Hospital Pablo Tobón Uribe. Residente de Endocrinología Clínica y Metabolismo, Universidad de Antioquia. Medellín, Colombia.

Germán Campuzano Maya , Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico

Médico especialista en Hematología y Patología Clínica. Docente, Ad Honorem, Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia. Médico Director, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Builes Montaño CE, Campuzano Maya G. Deficiencia de hormona del crecimiento en el adulto. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de julio de 2013 [citado 5 de octubre de 2022];19(7-8):337-52. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/234
Publicado
2013-07-01
Sección
Endocrinología