Biología molecular en medicina: nuevas estrategias que originan nuevos desenlaces

  • John Fredy Castro-Álvarez Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico
  • Germán Campuzano-Maya Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico
Palabras clave: medicina molecular, biología molecular, diagnóstico clínico, ADN, ARN, proteínas, reacción en cadena de la polimerasa.

Resumen

El avance científico y tecnológico de la biología molecular en el mundo trajo un nuevo abordaje de los problemas biológicos, que ha permitido dar paso a una nueva etapa de la investigación científica en la biología, la química y la física, así como a nuevas prácticas en la medicina. El uso de las herramientas de la biología molecular como apoyo diagnóstico en un amplio número de enfermedades infecciosas y de base genética es uno de los campos que mayor desarrollo tiene actualmente en la medicina. Esta área de la práctica médica se circunscribe en el uso de la información genética (ADN y ARN) de los individuos para el diagnóstico y tratamiento de la enfermedad desde la patología molecular y la terapia génica, y actualmente, en el control y prevención de las mismas desde la identificación de factores de riesgo y el uso de esta información en la epidemiología molecular. Este módulo da inicio a una completa selección de temas de medicina y biología molecular que introducirán al lector en el qué, por qué y para qué de las herramientas de la biología molecular que se usan actualmente en los mejores laboratorios clínicos y de investigación en el mundo para la prevención, apoyo diagnóstico y terapéutica de un amplio número de enfermedades.

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Biografía del autor/a

John Fredy Castro-Álvarez, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico

Microbiólogo y Bioanalista, MSc en Biología, PhD en Biología. Grupo de investigación en Patología Clínica. Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico. Medellín, Colombia.

Germán Campuzano-Maya, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico

Médico especialista en Hematología y Patología Clínica. Docente Ad Honorem, Facultad de Medicina de la Universidad de Antioquia. Coordinador Grupo de investigación en Patología Clínica. Médico Director, Laboratorio Clínico Hematológico. Medellín, Colombia.

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Cómo citar
1.
Castro-Álvarez JF, Campuzano-Maya G. Biología molecular en medicina: nuevas estrategias que originan nuevos desenlaces. Med. Lab. [Internet]. 1 de enero de 2014 [citado 25 de octubre de 2021];20(1-2):11-2. Disponible en: https://medicinaylaboratorio.com/index.php/myl/article/view/155
Publicado
2014-01-01
Sección
La Clínica y el Laboratorio

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